Vegetable Starting Guide

Fruit & Vegetable

Starting Indoors

Plant Outside

Spacing (inches)

Row Spacing (inches)

Seed Depth (inches)

Seeds for 10ft Row

Aproximate Days to Harvest

Asparagus

x

April 15 - May 1 (crowns)

12 - 18

36

6 - 8 (crowns)

8 crowns

3 seasons

Beans, snap (bush)

x

May 15 - July 1

3 - 4

18 - 24

1½ - 2

2 oz

50 - 60 days

Beans, snap (pole)

x

May 15 - July 1

4 - 6

36

1½ - 2

2 oz

60 - 70 days

Beans, dry shell

x

May 15

3 - 4

18 - 24

x

70 - 120 Days

Beans, lima

x

May 15 - June 10

4 - 6

18 - 24

2 oz

60 - 80 days

Beets

x

April 15 - July 1

2 - 4

12 - 18

½ - 1

1 packet

40 - 80 days

Broccoli

March 1 - 15

April 15 or June 1

24

24 - 30

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or 5 plants

100 - 150 days

Brussels sprouts

March 1 - 15

April 15 or June 1

24

24 - 30

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or 5 plants

100 - 150 days

Cabbage, early

March 1 - 15

April 1-May 1

18

24 - 30

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or 8 plants

80 - 180 days

Cabbage, late

April 15 - May 1

June 1

24

24 - 30

¼ (seedbed)

1 packet or 5 plants

80 - 180 days

Cabbage, Chinese

x

July 1

18

24 - 30

½

1 packet

80 - 180 days

Carrots

x

April 15 - June 15

2 - 3

18 - 24

¼

1 packet

70 - 80 days

Cauliflower

March 1 - 15

April 15 or June 1

18 - 24

24 - 30

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or 6 plants

50 - 100 days

Celery

Feb. 15 - March 1

May 15

8

18 - 24

1/8 (indoors)

1 packet or 12 plants

100 - 130 days

Collards

Apr. 10-20

May-15April 15

6

24 - 36

¼

1 packet

85 - 90 days

Corn, sweet

x

May 10-20

3

24 - 36

1 - 2

1 packet

68 - 80 days

Cucumbers

x

May 1 - June 15

48 - 60

12 between single plants; 36 between hills of three

1

1 packet

55 - 65 days

Chicory

Apr. 10-20

May-15

6 -10

24 - 36

x

1 packet

130 - 140 days

Cress

anytime

May 1 - June 15

18-24

scatter plant thickly

¼

2 packets

40 - 50 days

Eggplant

March 1 - April 1

June 1

24

24 - 30

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or 5 plants

100 - 150 days

Endive

x

April 15

8 - 12

18 - 24

½

1 packet

85 - 100 Days

Garlic

x

Oct. 1 - Nov. 1

4 - 6

18 - 24

3 - 4

.5 lb of cloves

Best to over winter

Horseradish

x

April 15 - May 1

12 - 18

24 - 30

6 (roots)

9 roots

70 - 80 Days

Kale, Borecole

x

April 15 - July 15

12 - 18

18 - 24

½

1 packet

45 - 60 days

Kohlrabi

x

April 15 - June 1 or Aug. 1 - 15

6

18 - 24

½

1 packet

45 - 60 days

Leek

March 20 - 30

May 10 - 12

6

12

6

1 packet

60 - 90 days

Lettuce, leaf

x

April 15 - June 1 or Aug. 1 - 15

4 - 6

12 - 18

¼

1 packet

45 - 55 days

Lettuce, head

March 1 - 15

April 15 - May 1

12

18 - 24

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or 9 plants

30 days

Muskmelon/Canteloupe

April 15 - 35

May 15 - June 1

18

60 - 72

1

1 packet

35 - 45 days

Okra

March 15 - April 1

June 1

12 - 15

24 - 36

½ (indoors)

1 packet

50 - 65 days

Onion seeds

x

April 15

2

12 - 24

½

1 packet

90 days

Onion, transplants

Feb. 1 - 15

April 15

2 - 3

12 - 24

½ (indoors)

1 packet

60 days

Onion, sets

x

April 15

2 - 4

12 - 24

1 - 2

1/4 lb

60 days

Pak Choi

x

Apr 10 - 30

6 - 12

12 - 18

½x

1 packetx

45 - 55 days

Parsley

x

April 15 - May 1

4 - 6

12 - 24

¼

1 packet

70 - 90 days

Parsnips

x

May 1 - 15

3 - 4

18 - 24

½

1 packet

112 days

Peas

x

April 10 - May 15

2

18 - 24

1 packet

60 - 70 days

Pepper

March 1 - March 15

x

18 - 24

24 - 36

½ (indoors)

1 packet or 6 plants

60 - 70 days

Potatoes, Irish

x

April 15 - June 1

24 - 30

12 - 18

4 (each piece)

1.5 lb seed potatoes

xx

Potatoes

x

April 15 - June 1

18 - 24

24 - 30

4 (each piece)

1.5 lb seed potatoes

75 - 90 days

Pumpkin

x

May 10 - June 1

24 - 36 between single plants; 60 - 72 between hills of three

72 - 96

1 - 2

1 packet

90 - 125 days

Radish

x

April 10 - June 1 or Aug. 1 - 15

6 - 12

6 - 12

½

1 packet

22 - 70 days

Rhubarb

x

April 15 - May 1

36 - 48

36 - 48

x

2 or 3 plants

Second season

Rutabaga

x

May 15 - June 15

8 - 12

18 - 24

½

1 packet

80 - 120 days

Spinach

x

April 15 or Aug. 1 - 15

3 - 4

12 - 18

½

1 packet

25 days

Squash, summer

x

May 10 - June 1

24 - 36

24 - 36

1

1 packet

60 days

Squash, winter

x

May 15 - June 1

24 - 36 between single plants; 60 - 72 between hills of three

72 - 96

1

1 packet

60 - 110 days

Swiss chard

x

May 15 - June 1

6 - 8

18 - 24

½

1 Packet

55 - 65 days

Swede/turnip

x

April 15 or Aug. 1

x

15 - 18

½

1 packet

30 - 60 days

Swiss Chard

x

May 15 - June 1

6 - 8

18 - 24

½

1 packet

55 - 65 days

Strawberry

Stratified Dec or Feb 15 May 15

May 20 - June 1

18

18

¼

1 packet

140 - 150 days

Tomato

April 1 - 15

May 25 - June 1

36 - 48

24 - 36

¼ (indoors)

1 packet or 3 - 4 plants

50 - 90 days

Turnip

x

April 15 or Aug. 1

x

15 - 18

½

1 packet

30 - 60 days

Vegetable Marrow

March 15 - April 1

May 25 - June 1

30 - 36

30 - 36

1

1 packet

85 - 100 days

Water Cress

Jan 30 - Mar 30

May 25 - June 1

x

12

¼

x2 packets

60 - 70 days

Watermelon

x

May 25 - June 1

24 - 36 between single plants; 60 - 72 between hills of three

60 - 72

½

1 packet

70 - 85 days


This chart is a general guide for the Calgary zone, please feel free to chat with us if you have any questions.

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