Image Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Zone Comments

NON-FLOWERING TREES

Manchurian Ash Tree ASH-MANCHURIAN Fraxinus mandschurica 30/15 ft. 9/5 m 3 Compact, with a round head; good street or shade tree
Patmore Ash Tree ASH-PATMORE GREEN Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Patmore' 30/15 ft. 10/5 m 3 The most cold tolerant green ash; holds leaves longest; seedless
ASPEN QUAKING Tree ASPEN-QUAKING/TREMBLING Populus tremuloides 30/15 ft. 9/5 m 2 Native tree with delicate foliage; fast growth habit
ASPEN SWEDISH COLUMNAR Tree ASPEN-SWEDISH COLUMNAR Populus tremula 'Erecta' 30/7 ft. 9/2 m 3 Narrow tree with columnar shape and delicate foliage; fast growth habit
Weeping Birch Cutleaf Tree BIRCH-CUTLEAF WEEPING Betula pendula 'Gracilis' 30/20 ft. 10/6 m 3 Delicate cut leaves with weeping growth habit and white bark; requires ample water
European White Birch Tree BIRCH-EUROPEAN WHITE Betula pendula 30/20 ft. 10/6 m 3 Delicate round leaves with weeping growth habit and white bark; requires ample water
Paper Birch Tree BIRCH-PAPER Betula papyrifera 40/ 15 ft. 10/5 m 3 Very white papery bark; taller and narrower tree, requires ample water
Young's Weeping Birch Tree BIRCH-YOUNG'S WEEPING Betula pendula 'Youngii' 10/12 ft. 3/4 m 3 Smaller, umbrella-shaped weeping tree with white bark; requires ample water
American Elm Tree ELM-AMERICAN Ulmus americana 50/30 ft. 15/9 m 3 Large toothed leaves on outer branches of vase-shaped tree
Brandom Elm Tree ELM-BRANDON Ulmus americana 'Brandon' 40/25 ft. 12/8 m 3 Large toothed leaves on outer branches of vase-shaped tree; compact
Amur Maple Tree MAPLE-AMUR Acer ginnala 12/10 ft. 4/3 m 3 Small graceful tree or large shrub with scarlet fall colour
Manitoba Maple Tree MAPLE-MANITOBA Acer negundo 30/20 ft. 9/6 m 2 Hardy with interesting furrowed bark and large, compound leaves
Bur Oak tree OAK-BUR Quercus macrocarpa 30/20 ft. 9/6 m 3 Hardy, slow growing oak with large lobed leaves
Tower Poplar tree POPLAR-TOWER Populus canescens 'Tower' 30/7 ft. 7/2 m 3 Narrow tree with columnar shape and silvery leaves; fast growth habit
Golden Willow tree WILLOW-GOLDEN Salix alba vitellina 30/25 ft. 9/8 m 4 Fast growing, wide tree with gold stems for winter colour; requires ample water
Laurel Leaf Willow tree WILLOW-LAUREL LEAF Salix pentandra 30/25 ft. 9/8 m 3 Fast growing, wide tree with glossy leaves; requires ample water


FLOWERING FRUIT TREES

Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Flower Colour Zone Comments
APPLE-BATTLEFORD Malus 'Battleford' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Large yellow-green fruit with a red blush; good for cooking or eating fresh; ripens in Aug.
APPLE-BROOKLAND Malus 'Brookland' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Medium sized yellow fruit with a red blush; good for cooking or eating fresh; ripens in Aug.
APPLE-COMBINATION Malus 'Combination' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m pink 3 A combination of at least three apple varieties grafted on one tree; different varieties pollinate each other
APPLE-FALL RED Malus 'Fall Red' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Large dull red fruit; good for storing or eating fresh; stores well, ripens in Sept.
APPLE-GOODLAND Malus 'Goodland' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Large green fruit with a red blush; good for storing, cooking or eating fresh; ripens Sept.
APPLE-HARCOURT Malus 'Harcourt' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Bright red fruit with tender flesh; good for eating fresh, cooking and storing; ripens mid Sept.
APPLE-HARDI-MAC Malus 'Hardi-Mac' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m pink 3 Bright red crisp fruit; good for eating fresh; ripens in Sept.
APPLE-NORLAND Malus 'Norland' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Medium sized green-red fruit; good for eating fresh; ripens Aug.
APPLE-PARKLAND Malus 'Parkland' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Yellow-green fruit with a red blush; good for storing, cooking or eating fresh; ripens Sept.
APPLE-SEPTEMBER RUBY Malus 'September Ruby' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Large bright red fruit; good for storing, eating fresh or making juice; ripens in Sept.
APPLECRAB-KERR Malus 'Kerr' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Medium sized dark red fruit; good for storing, canning or eating fresh; ripens Sept.
APPLECRAB-RESCUE Malus 'Rescue' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Medium sized red and green striped fruit; good for cooking or eating fresh; ripens in Sept.
APRICOT-BROOKCOT Prunus mandshurica 'Armeniaca' 16/13 ft. 5/4 m white 4 An unreliable producer due to early bloom period; good for cooking and jam.
APRICOT-SCOUT Prunus armeniaca 'Scout' 16/13 ft. 5/4 m white 4 An unreliable producer due to early bloom period; good for cooking and jam.
APRICOT-WESTCOT Prunus armenica 'Westcot' 16/13 ft. 5/4 m white 4 An unreliable producer due to early bloom period; good for cooking and jam.
CHERRY-NORTH STAR Prunus 'North Star' 16/13 ft. 5/4 m white 3 Large red freestone cherries; good for cooking, self-pollinating
CRABAPPLE-COLUMNAR Malus baccata 'Columnaris' 20/4 ft. 6/1 m white 3 Narrow columnar growth habit; tiny red, decorative fruit that birds love
CRABAPPLE-DOLGO Malus 'Dolgo' 25/15 ft. 8/5 m white 3 Upright spreading growth with small red fruit; good for jelly or eating fresh
CRABAPPLE-HOPA Malus 'Hopa' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m rose 3 Upright spreading growth and rose coloured flowers turning to small red fruit; good for jelly making
PEAR-GOLDEN SPICE Pyrus 'Golden Spice' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 3 Very decorative flowers in spring, two varieties required for pollination; good for cooking and canning
PEAR-MOUNTAIN FROST Pyrus ussuriensis 'Bailfrost' 20/16 ft. 6/5 m white 4 Vigorous upright growth with fragrant white blooms in spring. Will only occasionally produce small ornamental fruit
PEAR-URE Pyrus ussuriensis 'Ure' 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white Very decorative flowers in spring, two varieties required for pollination. Small, sweet fruit, good for cooking, canning and eating fresh
PLUM-BROOKGOLD Prunus 'Brookgold' 15/12 ft. 5/4 m white 3 Requires sand cherry for pollination; good for cooking or eating fresh; ripens in Aug.
PLUM-BROOKRED Prunus 'Brookred' 15/12 ft. 5/4 m white 3 Requires Pembina or Opata plum for pollination; good for cooking; ripens in Aug.
PLUM-OPATA Prunus 'Opata' 15/12 ft. 5/4 m white 3 Requires Pembina or Brookred plum for pollination; good for cooking or eating fresh; ripens in Aug.
PLUM-PEMBINA Prunus 'Pembina' 15/12 ft. 5/4 m white 3 Requires Brookred or Opata plum for pollination; good for eating fresh; ripens in Sept.


FLOWERING ORNAMENTAL TREES

Image Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Flower Colour Zone Comments
Amur Choke Cherry tree CHERRY-AMUR Prunus maackii 30/15 ft. 9/5 m white 3 Bronze coloured bark; small black fruit follows spring flowers, attracts birds
Pin Cherry tree CHERRY-PIN Prunus pensylvanica 16/10 ft. 5/3 m white 3 Small tree with reddish bark; fragrant flowers are followed by small ornamental red cherries; attracts birds
Schubert Chokecherry tree CHOKECHERRY-SCHUBERT Prunus virginiana 'Schubert' 30/15 ft. 9/5 m white 3 Green foliage turns to purple-red through the summer; fragrant flowers are followed by ornamental fruit in the fall, attracts birds
Western Chokecherry tree CHOKECHERRY-WESTERN Prunus virginiana v. melanocarpa 16/13 ft. 5/4 m white 2 Native tree with fragrant flowers followed by ornamental fruit in the fall, attracts birds
Kelsey Crabapple tree CRABAPPLE-KELSEY Malus 'Kelsey' 15/15 ft. 5/5 m pink 4 Bronze foliage with profuse pink blooms; the only double flowering crabapple
Makamik Crabapple tree CRABAPPLE-MAKAMIK Malus 'Makamik' 15/15 ft. 5/5 m rose 3 Vigorous grower with bronze foliage and profuse pink blooms
Pink Spire Crabapple tree CRABAPPLE-PINK SPIRE Malus 'Pink Spire' 20/13 ft. 6/4 m pink 3 Narrow upright growth habit; purple-red foliage turns to green through the summer
Radiant Crabapple tree CRABAPPLE-RADIANT Malus 'Radiant' 15/15 ft. 5/5 m rose 3 Compact symmetrical growth habit; purple-red foliage turns to green through the summer
Weeping Rosy Glow Crabapple tree CRABAPPPLE-WEEPING ROSY GLOW Malus 'Weeping Rosy Glow' 5/5 ft. 1.5/1.5 m pink 3 Small tree with a weeping habit, abundant red fruit in late summer
Selkirk Crabapple tree CRABAPPLE-SELKIRK Malus 'Selkirk' 15/15 ft. 5/5 m pink 3 Hardy tree; red foliage turns bronze-green through summer, small red fruit
Strathmore Crabapple tree CRABAPPLE-STRATHMORE Malus 'Strathmore' 20/13 ft. 6/4 m pink 3 Narrow pyramidal growth habit; bronzed foliage, small red fruit
Thunderchild Crabapple tree CRABAPPLE-THUNDERCHILD Malus 'Thunderchild' 15 /15 ft. 5/5 m pink 3 Upright spreading growth habit; purple foliage; resistant to fire blight, small red fruit
Hawthorn Snowbird tree HAWTHORN-SNOWBIRD Crataegus x mordenensis 'Snowbird' 15/12 ft. 5/4m white 3 Upright tree with double white flowers in spring followed by clusters of red berries
Hawthorn Toba tree HAWTHORN-TOBA Crataegus x mordenensis 'Toba' 15/12 ft. 5/4 m pink 3 Upright tree with double white flowers, turning to pink, in spring followed by clusters of red berries
Japanese Lilac tree LILAC-JAPANESE TREE Syringa reticulata 20/12 ft. 6/4 m cream 3 Several varieties of compact tree-form lilacs; fragrant, cream summer flower clusters
Little-Leaf-Linden-tree LINDEN-LITTLE LEAF Tilia cordata 30/15 ft. 9/5 m yellow 4 Dense symmetrical tree with fragrant flowers; holds leaves well
Mayday tree MAYDAY Prunus padus commutata 30/25 ft. 9/8 m white 3 Fragrant clusters of showy flowers in spring; summer berries attract birds
American Mountain Ash tree MOUNTAIN ASH-AMERICAN Sorbus americana 25/20 ft. 8/6 m white 3 Spring flowers followed by fall berries, attracts birds; compound leaves turn orange in the fall. Needs good drainage
European-Mountain-Ash-tree MOUNTAIN ASH-EUROPEAN Sorbus aucuparia 30/20 ft. 9/6 m white 3 Spring flowers followed by fall berries; lacy leaves turn orange in the fall. Attracts birds. Needs good drainage
Pyramidal Mountain Ash tree MOUNTAIN ASH-PYRAMIDAL Sorbus aucuparia 'Fastigiata' 20/6 ft. 6/2 m white 3 A variety of European mountain ash with a narrow pyramidal growth habit, needs good drainage
Russian Mountain Ash tree MOUNTAIN ASH-RUSSIAN Sorbus aucuparia 'Rossica' 25/12 ft. 8/4 m white 3 A variety of European mountain ash with an upright, columnar growth habit, needs good drainage
Showy Mountain Ash tree MOUNTAIN ASH-SHOWY Sorbus decora 20/15 ft. 6/5 m white 2 Hardiest mountain ash; spring flowers followed by fall berries; attracts birds, compound leaves turn orange in the fall, needs good drainage
Ohio Buckeye tree OHIO BUCKEYE Aesculus glabra 20/15 ft. 6/5 m yellow 3 Large leaves and spring flowers followed by prickly fruit in the fall
Russian Olive tree RUSSIAN OLIVE Eleagnus angustfolia 16/13 ft. 5/5 m yellow 3-4 Narrow silvery foliage with small fragrant flowers and silvery fruit; black bark is attractive against snow in winter; drought tolerant


EVERGREEN TREES


CEDARS

LARGE TREES

Image Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Flower Colour Zone Comments
XXX CEDAR-BRANDON Thuja occidentalis 'Brandon' 13/4 ft. 1.25/1.5 m part shade 3-4 Narrow columnar growth habit; somewhat hardier for the prairies
XXX CEDAR-DEGROOT'S SPIRE Thuja occidentalis 'Degroot's Spire' 7/2 ft. 1.5/.5 m part shade 4 Upright, narrow, spiral growth habit
XXX CEDAR-EMERALD Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd' 13/5 ft. 4/1.5 m part shade 4 Pyramidal growth habit with emerald green foliage
XXX CEDAR-GLOBE Thuja occidentalis 'Woodwardii' 5/5 ft. 1.5/1.5 m part shade 3-4 Round shape; dark green foliage
XXX CEDAR-HOLMSTRUP Thuja occidentalis 'Holmstrup' 7/3 ft. 2/1 m part shade Compact with a narrow pyramidal growth habit; bright green foliage turns bronze in the fall
XXX CEDAR-TECHNY Thuja occidentalis 'Techny' 13/5 ft. 4/1.5 m part shade 3 Fast growing with a narrow pyramidal growth habit; somewhat tolerant of drying winds
XXX CEDAR-WAREANA Thuja occidentalis 'Wareana' 8/7 ft. 2.5/ 2 m part shade 3-4 Broad upright growth habit; dense dark green foliage

SMALLER VARIETIES

XXX CEDAR-DANICA Thuja occidentalis 'Danica' 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m part shade 3 Compact cedar with bright emerald green foliage
XXX CEDAR-LITTLE GEM Thuja occidentalis 'Little Gem' 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m part shade 4 Dwarf variety in a global shape; bright green in colour
XXX CEDAR-LITTLE GIANT Thuja occidentalis 'Little Giant' 3/3 ft. 1/1 m part shade 4 Dwarf variety with a compact globe shape; soft feathery foliage

JUNIPER

SPREADING VARIETIES

XXX JUNIPER-BAR HARBOR Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar Harbor' .5/7 ft. 1.25/2 m sun to part shade 3 Fast grower; wispy blue-green foliage turns to a plum colour in winter
XXX JUNIPER-BLUE CHIP Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Chip' 1/7 ft. .3/2 m sun to part shade 3 Silver-blue foliage; mounding growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-BLUE DANUBE Juniperus sabina 'Blue Danube' 2/7 ft. .6/2 m sun to part shade 3 Bright blue-green foliage with a spiky, spreading growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-BLUE STAR BOXXX Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star' 1.5/5 ft. .5/1.5 m sun to part shade 4 sun to part shade
XXX JUNIPER-BROADMOOR Juniperus sabina 'Broadmoor' 1/7 ft. .3/2 m sun to part shade 3 Soft, bright green foliage; dense low growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-BUFFALO Juniperus sabina 'Buffalo' 1/7 ft. .3/2 m sun to part shade 3 Soft, feathery, bright green foliage; low spreading growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-CALGARY CARPET Juniperus sabina 'Calgary Carpet' 1/5 ft. .3/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Soft bright green foliage with a low, dense spreading growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-GOLDCOAST Juniperus chinensis 'Goldcoast' 3/5 ft. 1/1.5 m sun to part shade 4 Showy gold and green foliage; colour darkens in the winter
XXX JUNIPER-GOLDEN PFITZER Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzerana Aurea' 3/7 ft. 1/2 m sun to part shade 4 Blue-green foliage with new tips gold; arching growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-HOLGER Juniperus squamata 'Holger' 3/5 ft. 1/1.5 m sun to part shade 4 Dense spreading branches with blue-green foliage and yellow tips
XXX JUNIPER-ICEE BLUE Juniperus horizontalis 'Icee Blue' 1/5 ft. .3/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Low growing and compact with bright silver-blue foliage
XXX JUNIPER-MINT JULEP/SEA GREEN Juniperus chinensis 'Mint Julep' 4/7 ft. 12/2 m sun to part shade 4 Mint-green foliage with a graceful arching growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-NEW BLUE TAM Juniperus sabina 'Tamariscifolia New Blue' 1.5/7 ft. 7/2 m sun to part shade 3 Bright blue foliage with a symmetrical mound shape and spreading growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-PRINCE OF WALES Juniperus horizontalis 'Prince of Wales' .5/7 ft. .2/2 m sun to part shade 3 Bright green foliage with very low spreading growth habit; colour turns to plum in fall
XXX JUNIPER-SAVIN Juniperus sabina 3/7 ft. 1/2 m sun to part shade 3 Soft dark green foliage with an upright spreading growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-SCANDIA Juniperus sabina 'Scandia' 1/5 ft. .3/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Green feathery foliage with a small low growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-TABLE TOP BLUE Juniperus scopulorum 'Table Top' 5/7 ft. 1.5/2 m sun to part shade 3 Dense, silver-blue foliage with a semi-spreading growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-TAM GREEN Juniperus sabina 'Tamariscifolia' 1.5/7 ft. .5/2 m sun to part shade 3 Low spreading, mounding growth habit; compact, neat appearance
XXX JUNIPER-WILTONI Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltoni' .5/7 ft. .2/2 m sun to part shade 3 Low growing, spreading growth habit with silver-blue foliage on long trailing branches

UPRIGHT VARIETIES

XXX JUNIPER – BLUE ARROW Juniperus scopulorum 'Blue Arrow' 16/2.5ft. 5/.75 m sun 4 Tall, very narrow tree with bright blue foliage, great accent in small spaces
XXX JUNIPER-COLOGREEN Juniperus scopulorum 'Cologreen' 10/5 ft. 3/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Compact, cone-shaped, upright growth habit; bright green foliage
XXX JUNIPER-MEDORA Juniperus scopulorum 'Medora' 10/2.5 ft. 3/.75 m sun to part shade 3 Slow growing, narrow and dense; blue-green foliage
XXX JUNIPER-MOONGLOW Juniperus scopulorum 'Moonglow' 12/5 ft. 3.5/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Silvery blue foliage with a broad pyramidal growth habit
XXX JUNIPER-TOLLESON'S WEEPING Juniperus scopulorum 'Tolleson's Weeping' 12/ 8 ft. 3/1.5 m sun to part shade 4 Green, drooping branches give this tree a graceful weeping appearance


PINE

LARGE TREES

Image Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Flower Colour Zone Comments
XXX AUSTRIAN PINE Pinus nigra 35/12ft 10/3.3 m sun 4 Large tree with long, dark green needles, attractive feature tree. Tolerates dry soil
XXX BRISTLECONE Pinus aristata 13/7 ft. 4/2 m sun to part shade 2 Slow growing, rugged plant with unique green needles speckled with white
XXX LIMBER PINE Pinus flexilis 30/15 ft. 10/6 m sun 3 Cone shaped when young; dense, flexible growth at maturity. Dark green needles, tolerates dry soil
XXX PINE-MOUNTAIN Pinus uncinata 20/10 ft. 6/3 m sun to part shade 3 Large shrub-like growth habit, larger than Mugho pine; short green needles
XXX PINE-MUGHO Pinus mugo 5-15/10 ft. 1.5-5/3 m sun to part shade 1 Shrub-like growth habit; hardy evergreen with short green needles, varying mature sizes
XXX PINE-SCOTCH Pinus sylvestris 25/10 ft. 8/3 m sun to part shade 3 Fast growing pine with a broad pyramidal shape; reddish bark interesting feature
XXX PINE-SWISS STONE Pinus cembra 13/10 ft. 4/3 m sun to part shade 3 Dense columnar growth habit; slow growing

Smaller Varities

XXX DWARF MUGHO PINE Pinus mugo mugo 3/6 ft. 1/1.75 m sun to part shade 1 Shrub-like growth habit; hardy evergreen with short green needles


SPRUCE

LARGE TREES

Image Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Flower Colour Zone Comments
XXX SPRUCE-BAKERI Picea pungens 'Bakeri' 12/6 ft. 3.75/1.75 m sun to part shade 2 Conical growth habit with dark needles
XXX SPRUCE-BLACK HILLS Picea glauca 'Densata' 15/8 ft. 4.5/2.5 m sun to part shade 3 Symmetrical upright growth habit; blue-green needles
XXX SPRUCE-COLORADO GREEN Picea pungens 35/13 ft. 10/4 m sun to part shade 2 Pyramidal growth habit with stiff green needles
XXX SPRUCE-COLORADO BLUE Picea pungens 'Glauca' 35/13 ft. 10/4 m sun to part shade 2 Pyramidal growth habit with stiff blue needles
XXX SPRUCE-FAT ALBERT Picea pungens 'Fat Albert' 25/12 ft. 8/3.5 m sun to part shade 3 Wide, dense, pyramidal growth habit; vivid blue needles
XXX SPRUCE-HOOPSII Picea pungens 'Hoopsii' 30/10 ft. 10/3 m sun to part shade 2 Narrow, pyramidal growth habit; very bright blue needles
XXX SPRUCE-MONTGOMERY Picea pungens 'Montgomery' 3/7 ft. 1/2.5 m sun 3 Compact shrub with blue foliage, pyramidal shape as it matures
XXX SPRUCE-WEEPING BLUE Picea pungens 'Pendula' 20/8 ft. 6/3.5 m sun to part shade 3 Upright, weeping growth habit; lower branches may act as ground cover

Smaller Varieties

XXX SPRUCE-BIRD'S NEST Picea abies 'Nidiformis' 3/5 ft. 1/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Low growing shrubs with flat topped branches; concaved center
XXX SPRUCE-BLUE NEST Picea mariana nana 3/5 ft. 1/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Low growing evergreen with bluish green needles
XXX SPRUCE-COLUMNAR BLUE Picea pungens 'Fastigiata' 10/3 ft. 3/1 m sun to part shade 3 Narrow upright growth habit; blue new growth turns silver with age
XXX SPRUCE-DWARF NORWAY Picea abies 'Pumila' 3/5 ft. 1/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Low growing compact shrub with mounding growth habit
XXX SPRUCE- GLOBE BLUE Picea pungens 'Globosa' 8/6.5 ft. 2.1/1.8 m sun to part shade 2 Slow growing, globe-shaped, dwarf tree; bright silver green foliage
XXX SPRUCE-WEEPING NORWAY Picea abies 'Pendula' 6/8 ft. 1.75/2.5 m sun to part shade 4 Upright, weeping growth habit; lower branches may act as ground cover

Other Varities

XXX LARCH-SIBERIAN Larix sibirica 25/12 ft. 8/3.5 m sun to part shade 2 Unique conifer sheds needles in winter; soft green needles turn gold in the fall
XXX LARCH-WEEPING Larix decidua 'Pendula' Height depends on training, width 5-8 ft. Deciduous conifer with soft green needles spring to early fall, needles turn yellow, then drop in late fall. Weeping branches grow downwards, can cover ground
XXX FIR-DWARF BALSAM Abies balsamea 'Nana' 1/3 ft. .3/1 m part shade 4 Compact globe-like growth habit; flat green needles
XXX RUSSIAN CYPRESS Microbiota decussata 1/5 ft. .3/1.5 m sun to part shade 3 Spreading growth habit; bright green foliage


SHRUBS

Image Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Flower Colour Zone Comments
XXX ARROWOOD Viburnum dentatum 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m white sun to part shade 4 Clusters of umbrella shaped flowers in spring; blue back fruit, leaves turn red in the fall
XXX ASHLEAF/FALSE SPIREA Sorbaria sorbifolia 7/7 ft. 2/2 m white sun to shade 2 Spreading shrub with plumes of flowers and lacy foliage
XXX AZALEA Rhododendron x spp. 3/3 ft. 1/1 m various part shade 4 Many varieties, double flower clusters on compact shrubs, need winter protection and acid soil
XXX BUFFALOBERRY, SILVER Shepherdia argentea 10/7 ft. 3/2 m yellow sun 2 Hardy native shrub with spiny stems; silver fruit, drought tolerant
XXX BURNING BUSH Euonymus hybrids 1.5-6/3-10 ft. .5-2/1-3 m pink, yellow sun to part shade 2-3 Several varieties of compact shrubs, interesting small fruit, leaves turn red in the fall
XXX CARAGANA Caragana hybrids 3-13/3-10 ft. 1-4/1-3 m yellow sun to part shade 2 Many varieties of spiny stemmed shrubs with prolific yellow flowers; dwarf to quite tall; drought tolerant
XXX COTONEASTER Cotoneaster acutifolia 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m pink sun 2 Hardy shrub with small glossy leaves that turn red in the fall; excellent hedging plant
XXX CRANBERRY Virburnum species 2-10/2-7 ft. .5-3/.5-2 m white sun to shade 2-3 Several varieties of shade tolerant compact shrubs with red fall colour; some with flowers and fruit
XXX DAPHNE, ROSE Daphne cneorum 1-2/2-3 ft. .3-.6/.6-1 m pink sun to part shade 4 Several varieties of small, dense, broad-leaved evergreen shrubs, fragrant early flowers
XXX DOGWOOD Cornus hybrids 2-7/2-5 ft. .5-2/.5-1.5 m white part sun to shade 3 Shade tolerant shrubs, colourful stems; clusters of white flowers in early summer
XXX ELDER Sambucus species 7-10/5-7 ft. 2-3/1.5-2 m cream, white sun 3 Several varieties of fast growing shrubs, green, yellow or variegated leaves, some deeply serrated
XXX FORSYTHIA, NORTHERN GOLD Forsythia ovata 'Northern Gold' 5/3 ft. 1.5/1 m yellow sun to part shade 3 Earliest shrub to bloom in the spring
XXX HONEYSUCKLE Lonicera species 3-10/3-5 ft. 1-3/1-1.5 m various sun to part shade 3 Several varieties of shrubs with fragrant spring flowers; small berries attract birds
XXX HYDRANGEA Hydrangea species 3/3 ft. 1/1 m pink, white part shade 3-4 Two varieties of shade tolerant shrubs with large showy flower clusters
XXX LILAC Syringa spp. 5-15/5 ft. 1.5-3 m various sun 3 Many varieties, large, fragrant flower clusters in spring
XXX MOCKORANGE Philadelphus hybrids 5-8/5 ft. 1.5-2/1.5 m white sun to part shade 2-4 Several varieties of shrubs with very fragrant flower clusters
XXX NANNYBERRY Viburnum lentago 10/7 ft. 3/2 m white sun to shade 3 Glossy foliage turns red in the fall; black fruit attracts birds
XXX NINEBARK Physocarpus hybrids 3-7/3-5 ft. 1-2/1-1.5 m white sun to part shade 3 Several varieties of shrubs with colourful foliage and white summer flowers
XXX PLUM, DOUBLE FLOWERING Prunus triloba 'Multiplex' 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m pink sun 3 Double flowers in early spring, very showy, before leaves emerge. No fruit
XXX PLUM, PURPLE LEAFED Prunus cistena 6/5 ft. 1.8/1.5 m pink sun 3 Purple leaves, small single pink flowers, no fruit, good color contrast in a landscape
XXX POTENTILLA Potentilla fruiticosa hybrids 2-3/2-3 ft. .5-1/.5-1 m various sun 2-3 Many varieties of compact shrubs; small continually blooming flowers; great variety of colours and sizes
XXX RHODODENDRON Rhododendron hybrids 3-5/3-5 ft. 1-1.5/1-1.5 m various sun to part shade 4 Several varieties of compact evergreen shrubs with large early flowers, needs acid soil
XXX RUSSIAN ALMOND Prunus tenella 5/5 ft. 1.5/1.5 m pink sun 3 Fragrant spring flowers along the branches before narrow leaves emerge
XXX SEA BUCKTHORN Hippophae rhamnoides 13/10 ft. 4/3 m yellow sun 2 Thorny stems with narrow silver leaves and small flowers; masses of orange fruit if pollinated, drought tolerant
XXX SNOWBALL Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m white sun to part shade 3 Ball-shaped clusters of white spring flowers, no fruit, needs moist soil
XXX SNOWBERRY Symphoricarpos albus 3/3 ft. 1/1 m pink sun to shade 2 Hardy native shrub with white winter berries, drought tolerant
XXX SPIREA Spiraea species 1-5/2-3 ft. .3-1.5/.6-1 m various sun to part shade 2-4 Many varieties of compact shrubs with a great variety of leaf and flower colours
XXX SUMAC Rhus species 7-10/5-7 ft. 2-3/1.5-3 m green, yellow sun 3 Two varieties with delicate foliage and red, fall berries that attract birds
XXX WAYFARING TREE Viburnum lantana 7/7 ft. 2/2 m white sun to part shade 3 Grayish-green leathery leaves that turn red in the fall, and black fruit that attracts birds
XXX WAYFARING TREE, MOHICAN Viburnum lantana 'Mohican' 5/5 ft. 1.5/1.5 m white sun to part shade 3 Smaller variety with grayish-green leathery leaves and orange-red fruit that attracts birds
XXX WEIGELA Weigela florida 3-5/3-5 ft. 1-1.5/1-1.5 m various sun to part shade 3-4 Several varieties of re-blooming tubular flowers
XXX WILLOW Salix species 3-16/3-10 ft. 1-5/1-3 m n/a 2-3 Many varieties of hardy shrubs, attractive foliage and upright or spreading growth habit, moist

Fruit Bearing Shrubs

XXX BLUEBERRY Vaccinium spp. 1.5-5/3-5 ft. .5-1.5/1-1.5 m white sun to part shade 4 Compact fruit bearing shrubs, grown for interesting fall foliage, coloured stems, fruit, needs acid soil
XXX CHERRY, NANKING Prunus tomentosa 10/7 ft. 3/2 m pink sun 2-3 Large shrub, single pink spring flowers, followed by small edible cherries; attracts birds
XXX CHOKEBERRY Aronia melanocarpa 5/3-5 ft. 1.5/1-1.5 m white sun 3 Red fall foliage follow spring display of white flowers, birds like black berries
XXX CURRANT Ribes spp. 3-5/3-5 ft. 1-1.5/1-1.5 m various sun to part shade 3 Fragrant spring flowers are followed by abundant berries; good for preserves
XXX GOOSEBERRY Ribes spp. 3/3 ft. 1/1 m yellow sun to part shade 3 Several varieties with tart, edible fruit; good for eating fresh or preserves
XXX RASPBERRY Rubus spp. 5/5 ft. 1.5/1.5 m white sun 2 Several varieties of shrubs producing large red fruit; good for canning, eating fresh or freezing
XXX SASKATOON Amelanchier alnifolia 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m white sun 2 Varieties of native shrubs; prolific white spring flowers, followed by large sweet fruit and interesting orange fall foliage