The colour Languages of Roses

  • Red - Love
  • Pink - Grace / Gratitude
  • White - Worthiness / Purity
  • Yellow - Jealousy

growing roses

It is a common misconception that rose gardening is the domain of expert gardeners. With a large variety of types and growth habits, a rose bush can add colour and fragrance to almost any garden. Many roses can survive Calgary's harsh winter climate with little more care than a flowering shrub or perennial, while other more tender varieties need winter protection. There are two main classifications that will be used for the purpose of Calgary rose gardening - hardy shrub roses and tender roses. greengate carries a large variety of roses, both hardy and tender. Please feel free to consult our helpful greengate staff if you have any rose questions.


Hardy shrub roses

These easily grown Calgary favorites are suited to novice and expert gardeners alike. Those who want summer roses without the winterization needed by tender roses find these to be an excellent option. For those gardeners who want decorative hedges and borders, these roses with their shrub-like growth habit are often ideal.


Explorer rose

Developed in Canada and named for early Canadian explorers, these disease resistant hybrids bloom prolifically on new growth. Many varieties bloom all summer, with others blooming twice, in early and later summer.


Parkland rose

Developed in Manitoba expressly to survive through Canada's winter, these compact shrub roses will bloom and re-bloom throughout the summer.


Rugosa and other shrub roses

These roses are vigorous and hardy with very prickly stems. They come in a large variety of colours and are usually fragrant. These plants are good for hedges and garden beds.


Climbing roses

True climbing roses do not do well in the Calgary climate. There are however, some tall hardy shrub roses that can be trained to climb a trellis or a fence.


Tender roses

Tender roses are those roses that require protection to ensure survival. The huge variety of bloom sizes and colours make these tender roses a beautiful addition to many Calgary gardens.


Hybrid tea roses

These garden favorites feature large flowers on long stems, with usually one flower per stem. They make excellent cut flowers and come in many varieties and multiple colours.


Floribunda rose

Large quantities of smaller flowers are presented in clusters on these bushy plants. With their shrub-like growth habit and abundance of flowers, floribundas are an excellent choice for garden beds and border plants.


Grandiflora rose

This combination of hybrid tea and floribunda roses produces large vigorous plants, and flowers on long stems. Flowers on grandiflora are present both singly and in clusters. They make good cut flowers.


Miniature roses

These perfect, scaled down versions of hybrid tea and floribunda roses come in a stunning variety of colours. These miniatures will bloom continually throughout the summer and can be grown both in and outdoors.

Rose Growing Guide

Image Plant Name Height/Spread Flower Colour Bloom Fragrance Description

Explorer Roses

x ALEXANDER MCKENZIE 6/5 ft. 1.7/1.5 m dark reddish pink medium double strong Tall, continually blooming, fragrant rose
x CHAMPLAIN 4/3 ft. 1.25/1 m bright red medium double medium Double flowers are continually produced throughout the summer
x CHARLES ALBANEL 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m pink small single medium Low growing rose, recurring flowers through summer; good ground cover, disease resistant
x DAVID THOMPSON 3/1.5 ft. 1/.75 m pink medium double strong Continual double flowers; compact, shrub-like growth habit
x DE MONTARVILLE 3/3 ft. 1/1 m medium pink medium semi-double medium Continual bloom. Flowers average 7 cm in clusters of 1-4
x FRONTENAC 3/3 ft. 1/1 m deep pink large double light Clusters of double flowers through entire season, disease resistant
x GEORGE VANCOUVER 3/3 ft. 1/1 m soft red medium double light Clusters of double flowers through entire season
x HENRY HUDSON 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m pink-white medium semi-double light Pink buds open into clusters of white flowers, continuing through the summer
x HENRY KELSEY 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m scarlet red medium semi-double medium Long, vigorous, arching stems; flower clusters form throughout the summer
x J.P. CONNELL 4/4 ft. 1.2/1.2 m yellow-cream medium double light Yellow flowers fade to cream; flowers re-bloom though out the season
x JENS MUNK 5/4 ft. 1.5/1.2 m pink medium double strong Continual fragrant double blooms all season
x JOHN CABOT 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m pink medium double strong Tall arching stems topped with continual clusters of fragrant roses; can be trained to climb
x JOHN DAVIS 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m pink medium double strong Tall arching stems topped with continual fragrant roses; can be trained to climb, disease resistant
x JOHN FRANKLIN 4/2 ft. .8/.75 m red medium double medium Compact plant with large clusters of continual bloom through out the summer
x LAMBERT CLOSSE 3/3 ft. .75/.75 m light pink small double strong Fragrant flowers with a classic hybrid tea rose form from June to September
x LOUIS JOLLIET 4/2 ft. 1.2/.6 m pink medium double medium Continual blooms; spicy fragrance; can be trained as climber, disease resistant
x MARTIN FROBISHER 5/3 ft. 1.5/1 m light pink medium double strong Very fragrant double blooms through out the summer
x QUADRA 6/4 ft. 1.8/1.2 m deep red double medium Suitable for climbing. Highly fragrant. Blooms late June through summerdesc
x ROYAL EDWARD 1.5/3 ft. 1/1 m dark pink medium semi-double medium Small plant with low growth habit; blooms repeatedly though the season, disease resistant
x SAMUEL HOLLAND 6/5 ft. 2/1.5 m fuchsia pink medium double medium Upright growth habit with arching branches topped with clusters of re-blooming red flowers
x SIMON FRASER 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m coral pink medium semi-double medium Low growing rose with single flowers becoming semi-double through the season
x WILLIAM BAFFIN 7/3 ft. 2/1 m pink medium semi-double light Tall arching rose, showy early summer blooms repeated through summer; can be trained to climb, disease resistantdesc
x WILLIAM BOOTH 5/6 ft. 1.5/1.7 m pink medium single   Unique trailing habit with repeat bloom from June to Sept. Disease and mildew resistantsc

Parkland Roses

x ADELAIDE HOODLESS 4/4 ft. 1.2/1.2 m red medium semi-double light Bright red continuous flowers borne singly, disease resistant
x CUTHBERT GRANT 4/3 ft. 1.2/.75 m deep purplish red large double light Recurring bloomer with very large, crimson, double flowers
x HOPE FOR HUMANITY 3/3 ft. 1/1 m deep wine red medium double light Low, compact rose; wine-red continuous blooms
x MORDEN AMORETTE 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m carmine rose medium double medium Compact bushy shrub. Blooms from spring till frost
x MORDEN BLUSH 3/3 ft. 1/1 m light pink small double medium Very long blooming hybrid tea type flowers, low growing; light pink flowers fade to ivory, disease resistant
x MORDEN CARDINETTE 2/2 ft. 1.6/1.6 m cardinal red medium double light Low compact shrub. Striking red blooms all season
x MORDEN CENTENNIAL 3/3 ft. 1/1 m pink medium double medium Clusters of bright pink flowers; recurrent blooms through the summer, disease resistant
x MORDEN FIREGLOW 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m orange red medium double light Brilliant flower colour; recurrent blooms through the summer
x MORDEN RUBY 3/3 ft. 1/1 m ruby red - lighter markings medium double light Clusters of blended pink flowers
x MORDEN SNOWBEAUTY 2.5/3 ft. .75/1 m white medium semi-double light Low growing shrub. High disease resistance
x MORDEN SUNRISE 3/3 ft. 1/1 m yellow/orange small semi-double light Uniquely coloured, continuous blooms
x WINNIPEG PARKS 2/2 ft. .6/.6 m deep pink medium double light Hardy, low growing rose with clusters of bright red continuous flowers

Other hardy shrub roses

x AUSTRIAN COPPER 7/5 ft. 2/1.5 m orange medium single strong Tall upright growth habit with unique orange flowers, yellow underneath, blooms in June
x BLANC DE COUBERT 5/5 ft. 1.5/1.5 m white medium double strong Fragrant white, continually blooming flowers, disease resistant
x F.J. GROOTENDORST 4/3 ft. 1.3/1 m red small double light Carnation-like, recurrent red flowers over leathery dark green foliage, disease resistant
x HANSA 5/5 ft. 1.5/1.5 m reddish purple medium double strong Hardy, vigorous, fragrant rose with recurrent reddish-purple blooms, disease resistant
x HUNTER 5/3 ft. 1.5/1 m crimson large double light Repeat blooms. Will tolerate some shade
x PERSIAN YELLOW 6/5 ft. 2/1.5 m yellow medium double strong Tall vigorous rose with deep yellow flowers; long lasting blooms in June
x PINK GROOTENDORST 4/3 ft. 1.25/1 m pink small double light Continual blooming, carnation-like, double pink flowers, disease resistant
x PRAIRIE DAWN 5/3 ft. 1.5/1 m pink small double light Double continual blooms on large upright shrub
x PRAIRIE JOY 4/4 ft. 1.25/1.25 m pink small double medium Dense foliage make this plant ideal for hedging or screening, flowers mostly in June
x RED LEAF 5/4 ft. 1.5/1.25 m pink small single medium Attractive reddish-purple foliage on reddish stems, pink summer flowers with a white eye
x SIR THOMAS LIPTON 7/4 ft. 2/1.25 m white large semi-double strong Tall vigorous growth habit with pure white, large fragrant flowers in spring
x THERESA BUGNET 6/5 ft. 1.75/1.5 m pink large double medium Repeat blooming on old wood, disease resistant foliage turns red in the fall
x TOPAZ JEWEL 5/3 ft. 1.5/1 m yellow medium double medium Cream yellow flowers bloom continually through out the summer, disease resistant

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