Rose care

rose gardening tips


When gardeners come to us asking for suggestions for plants that bloom most of the summer, are bright and cheery, and need little attention, it seems that the rose has been overlooked as a very viable and beautiful addition to your garden. There have been so many great roses that have come out in the past few years that are just wonderful - like the Hope for Humanity rose, a true deep red hardy shrub rose, the Campfire Hardy shrub rose with its full summer long and multicoloured blooms, and the Olds College commemorative hardy shrub rose.

rose gardening tips


You may wonder why we are including roses to our July newsletter and that's because roses are a perfect addition to a late summer garden even though they look like they are almost done blooming right now. The answer: there's a second season of rose blossoms just around the corner. Try not to miss it.

Many roses have a spring and a late summer bloom period, so when you are looking for the perfect addition to beautify your garden in summer, it is the rose.

Roses generally bloom best in June and early July, but as evening temperatures start to drop and days become shorter in the late summer and even into the early fall, a second bloom is triggered and rose bush shows us why it's the queen of the garden. Often, these blooms last longer than the spring editions for exactly the same reasons that make them bloom a second time: shorter days and cooler evenings.



Finding and Growing the Perfect Rose



1. Your vision.

Pick roses that suit your garden. There are many heights and colours to choose from. Use height in semi climbers like the John Cabot, use smaller rose like the Campfire to nestle in along edges.



2. Work or no work.

Most hardy shrub roses can survive with little to no work, spraying or covering. So, they have that going for them. If you are looking for more fragrance and a more formal rose garden look go for tea roses, but know that they will need more care and certainly they will need winter protection and some awareness on their progress come spring.



3. See your yard as a canvas.

Where can you fill in with roses? Imagine them in their most mature state. Will they fit? Choose roses that are the right size. If you have more room can you mass plant a single variety or will a cluster of different roses be more to your liking? Look at other yards. Do they have mass plantings of roses? If they do, then you know they are low maintenance and great performers.



4. Roses like sunny locations

so fit them in where they love it. Sunshine is the one essential ingredient for growing roses. Use a minimum of six hours a day. Or forget it.



5. Go with Canadian grown.

Roses are excellent examples of why it is a good idea to buy locally. Canadian grown roses have already experienced two Canadian winters. You can find roses that are grown in the U.S. Sometimes they can be cheaper. Yet the quality of a Canadian rose bush over an American grown is that the latter is prone to dying through our winters.

Keep in mind our selection will become less as summer progresses so your best chance to get a rose you really want becomes a little more difficult the longer you wait.

If you're thinking about getting something new and exciting. Think about going a little old school on your garden scheme and consider planting roses.



growing roses


Watering

Roses are heavy feeders that require water at all times during the growing season. A lack of moisture will slow or halt blooming and growth. It is important that the soil has good drainage and that water never collects around the roots of roses.

 

- Allow the soil to become dry only a little below the surface

 

Water deeply at the base of the plants but not enough to allow water to collect for any length of time.

 

- Mulch may be added to increase moisture retention in hot, dry weather.



Deadheading for flowering

As your rose blooms whither they should be removed from the stem. Remove head at a shoot or leaf junction to encourage further flowering

 

Pruning



Pruning roses


  1. Use clean, sharp tools. Ensure your cuts are clean and not jagged..
  2. Prune from the base of the plant upwards Keeping stock of the roses overall shape..
  3. Open the centre of the plant to light and air circulation..
  4. Cut at a 45-degree angle, about 1/4 inch above a bud that is facing toward the outside of the plant..
  5. Remove all broken, dead, dying or diseased wood. This includes any branches that look dry, shriveled or black. Cut down the stem until the inside of the cane is white..
  6. Any weak branches thinner than a pen should be removed..
  7. Remove sucker growth below the graft.


Fertilizing

Roses benefit from regular fertilizing, such as 20-20-20, 15-30-15 or 20-30-20. Fertilize only until about the middle of August. Later fertilizing stimulates new growth, which could be harmed by early frost. Fertilizer does not make roses (or any flower) bloom. They bloom when they receive enough sunlight, although some will stop blooming in very hot weather.

 

Winter protection for tender roses

  1. Prune long stems down to about twelve to eighteen inches (45 cm.)
  2. Water in well
  3. Mulch heavily at base with dry leaves, vermiculite or straw
  4. Cover stems with a rose cone with the top cut out.
  5. Fill container with mulch, and cover the open area with cloth to allow air circulation during chinooks.
  6. Do not cover too soon in the fall. Wait until considerable frost is expected. Covering too soon stops them from getting cold and entering dormancy, which is necessary for their survival.
  7. Uncover in spring when poplar trees are leafing out. Uncovering them too soon to see if they are alive is likely to kill them during another frost. Be prepared to cover them when frost is expected.

Note: Snow is an excellent insulator and may be piled on both shrub and covered tea roses for added moisture and protection.

 

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