Rose care

annual flower



Roses are heavy feeders that require water at all times during the growing season. A lack of moisture will slow or halt blooming and growth. It is important that the soil has good drainage and that water never collects around the roots of roses.


Allow the soil to become dry only a little below the surface


Water deeply at the base of the plants but not enough to allow water to collect for any length of time.


Mulch may be added to increase moisture retention in hot, dry weather.


deadheading for flowering

As your rose blooms whither they should be removed from the stem. Remove head at a shoot or leaf junction to encourage further flowering



see Pruning section for detailed instruction



Roses benefit from regular fertilizing, such as 20-20-20, 15-30-15 or 20-30-20. Fertilize only until about the middle of August. Later fertilizing stimulates new growth, which could be harmed by early frost. Fertilizer does not make roses (or any flower) bloom. They bloom when they receive enough sunlight, although some will stop blooming in very hot weather.


winter protection for tender roses

  1. Prune long stems down to about twelve to eighteen inches (45 cm.)
  2. Water in well
  3. Mulch heavily at base with dry leaves, vermiculite or straw
  4. Cover stems with a rose cone with the top cut out.
  5. Fill container with mulch, and cover the open area with cloth to allow air circulation during chinooks.
  6. Do not cover too soon in the fall. Wait until considerable frost is expected. Covering too soon stops them from getting cold and entering dormancy, which is necessary for their survival.
  7. Uncover in spring when poplar trees are leafing out. Uncovering them too soon to see if they are alive is likely to kill them during another frost. Be prepared to cover them when frost is expected.

Note: Snow is an excellent insulator and may be piled on both shrub and covered tea roses for added moisture and protection.


the colour language of roses

  • Red - Love
  • Pink - Grace / Gratitude
  • White - Worthiness / Purity
  • Yellow - Jealousy

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