Planting Trees & Shrubs

Pre-planting trees & shrubs:

What do I need to do before planting my tree? There are many steps that will increase the success of planting your new trees or shrubs. Our greengate tree experts in our tree lot will be happy to provide you with all the expert knowledge you may need. "

Location, access to water, soil condition, depth of hole, etc.

Our greengate tree experts in our tree lot will be happy to provide you with all the expert knowledge you may need. All trees, shrubs, and roses should be planted in well-drained topsoil.

Pre-planting instructions:

Take care to prevent wind burn to plants during transport by covering them well. Keep plants cool, in a shady area and well watered until they are planted. Cover the root ball of balled and burlapped trees to prevent root drying.



Soil preparation:

All trees, shrubs, and roses should be planted in well-drained topsoil. If there is less than 20 cm. of topsoil in the planting area, additional topsoil should be added.  As you dig a hole, separate the topsoil from the heavy subsoil. Discard the subsoil and replace it with rich topsoil. Do not pull heavy subsoil in around a plant as backfill. Add one part peat moss or prepared soil mix to three parts soil that you have dug from the planting hole. If, after digging a hole you find the subsoil to be excessively heavy, having a high clay content; dig the hole down an additional 15-30 cm. (6-12 in.). Fill this space with clean sand or gravel to enhance the subsoil drainage conditions.

HOW TO Plant Trees & Shrubs in Calgary:

Want to learn how to plant your new greengate trees or shrubs? It is not difficult and if done correctly, your trees & shrubs will grow healthy, stronger & FASTER!

Learn even more when you come in to greengate and talk to one of our tree experts.

Planting and Positioning:

Your choice of tree or shrub will depend on two main things, the size of the area that you wish to fill, and the reason you are filling that spot. When considering a plant for a certain area, be sure to consider the plant's ultimate size. Be sure not to plant too close to houses, garages, or other permanent structures. Trees and shrubs can be planted anytime from spring to fall. If the ground can be worked you can plant.


Tree and Shrub Planting Steps:

  • Dig a hole 2 times the width of the root-ball or the pot that the plant comes in and a little deeper

  • Remove the plant from its pot or remove burlap if bare root and gently massage roots

  • Plant the tree or shrub in the hole at the same level it was planted in the pot

  • Fill in hole with a mixture of topsoil and compost

  • Water plant in well and fertilize with a transplant fertilizer (10-52-10) or Myke

Note: Peat pots should be removed from all plants planted in the Calgary area, as they do not degrade quickly in our short growing season



Spring planting is preferable for most roses, vines, shrubs, trees and evergreens. However, the advent of the containerized nursery stock has extended the planting season to match the growing season. With proper care these plants can be planted any time during the growing season, from spring thaw to fall freeze-up. By following a number of simple steps you will be able to successfully plant containerized nursery stock. Remember that containers of all types and wraps other than burlap should be removed from the root ball before or during planting.


Bare Root Stock:

The most commonly available bare root shrub is Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster lucida), which is use as a hedging material. Caragana and Lilac are also available. Until planted keep the root system of bare root plants moist. Protect bare root plants from drying out in the sun and wind by storing them in a shaded location with the roots wrapped in plastic or submerged in a bucket of water. Dig holes, or a trench, large enough to accommodate the plant's entire root system without crowding. Set the plants in the holes so that the ground level is even with or slightly higher than the top of the root system. Pull the topsoil in around the plant's root system to fill the hole. Tamp the topsoil in firmly around the base of the plant with the sole of your shoe. This eliminates air pockets and ensures good contact between the topsoil and the root system. Create a tree well or indentation, which will hold water, around the base of the plant. Water the plant thoroughly by filling this indentation with a solution of water and a plant starter such as a 10-52-10. Water the plant whenever the soil surface dries out, usually bi-weekly, during the first growing season to ensure the plant's survival.


Use a water-soluble high phosphorus fertilizer (10-60-10, 10-52-10, 5-15-5) for rooting or Myke.



Balled and Bur lapped Stock:

Dig a hole 15 cm. deeper and 30 cm. wider in diameter than the root ball. Place the plant in the hole and check to ensure that ground level is even with the top of the root ball. Cut and loosen the burlap wrap on the root ball, removing the burlap from the top of the root ball, and leave it around the sides, to hold the soil around the roots. As you pull the topsoil in around the root ball to fill in the hole, tamp the topsoil down firmly with your shoe. This eliminates air pockets and ensures good contact between the topsoil and the root system. Create a tree well, which will hold water, around the base of the plant. Water the plant thoroughly by filling the depression with a solution of water and a plant starter such as Schultz 10-60-10. Water the plant deeply whenever the soil surface dries out, generally biweekly, during the first growing season to ensure the plant's survival.



Containerized Stock:

Dig a hole 15 cm. deeper and 30 cm. wider in diameter than the container in which the plant is growing. With the container on, set the plant in the hole to ensure that the ground level is even with the top of the root ball. Remove the plant from the hole and carefully, so as not to disturb the soil around the root system, remove the root ball from the container. Place the root ball back into the hole. As you pull topsoil in around the plant to fill the hole, tamp the topsoil down firmly with the sole of your shoe. This eliminates air pockets and ensures good contact between the topsoil and the root system. Create a tree well or indentation, which will hold water, around the base of the plant. Water the plant thoroughly by filling this indentation with a solution of water and a root starter such as Schultz 10-60-10. Water the plant deeply whenever the soil surface dries out, generally biweekly, during the first growing season to ensure the plant's survival.



Staking a Tree:

Due to the windy conditions in the Calgary area all but the smallest of trees require staking. Staking keeps trees straight while they are rooting and prevents uprooting during wind storms. There are two methods of staking trees: using guy wires, or metal posts or wooden stakes. When staked, a tree should be able to move a few inches, as this will encourage strong root and trunk development.



Guy Wires

Attached 3 guy wires to the tree, 2/3 the way up the tree. Protect the tree's bark by wrapping the portion of the wire contacting the tree trunk with a section of garden hose. Run one wire toward the northwest, directly into the prevailing winds, and attach it to a small stake, 40 cm. long, driven into the ground about two meters away from the base of the tree. Run the other two wires out from the tree ensuring even spacing between the three guy wires. Attach these wires to similar small stakes. Make sure that each of the 3 wires are evenly tightened.



Metal or Wooden Stakes

Select a metal or wooden stake that is about one meter taller than the tree you are staking. Locate the stake on the NW side of the tree as this is the origin of most prevailing winds in Calgary. Drive the stake into the ground next to the tree making sure that the stake passes on the outside of the root ball. Pound the stake in deep enough to secure it, about one meter. Attach the tree to the stake using plastic tree ties or wire. Cover the wire with a section of garden hose where it contacts the tree trunk so as not to damage the bark.





Tree and Shrub Planting Steps:


When planting and positioning your tree or shrub will depend on two main things, the size of the area that you wish to fill, and the reason you are filling that spot. When considering a plant for a certain area, be sure to consider the plant's ultimate size. Be sure not to plant too close to houses, garages, or other permanent structures.

Dig a hole 2 times the width of the root-ball or the pot that the plant comes in and a little deeper.

Remove the plant from its pot or remove burlap if bare root and gently massage roots.

Plant the tree or shrub in the hole at the same level it was planted in the pot.

Fill in hole with a mixture of topsoil and compost.

Water in well at this time of year its best to use Myke as your transplant fertilizer as it's a beneficial fungus not a growth stimulant.



planting shrubs




FALL Tree Planting:

To many people's surprise, you can plant trees, shrubs and perennials right up until the ground is frozen.


This is because the trees & shrubs we sell are containerized and have a sufficient root ball that they are basically self-sustaining.

This method works well even if the tree or shrub itself has gone dormant. Fall planting is a great way to save on your garden and get a head start on next season. Just plant as you would at any other time in the season and water it in well. If you can time it, water just before a deep freeze. This will help your trees survive our roller coaster winters. If the root ball stays frozen through winter your trees will have an excellent chance of taking full root in the coming season.


greengate tree lot

How to plant containerized trees or shrubs:

Want to learn how to plant containerized trees or shrubs? It is not difficult and if done correctly, your greengate trees will grow healthy and strong!

Here are our tips. Learn even more when you come in to greengate and talk to one of our tree experts.


1

Create a tree well or indentation, which will hold water around the base of the plant.



2

Dig a hole 15 cm. deeper and 30 cm. wider in diameter than the container in which the plant is growing.



3

With the container on, set the plant in the hole to ensure that the ground level is even with the top of the root ball.



4

Remove the plant from the hole and carefully, so as not to disturb the soil around the root system, remove the root ball from the container.



5

Place the root ball back into the hole. As you pull topsoil in around the plant to fill the hole, tamp the topsoil down firmly with the sole of your shoe. This eliminates air pockets and ensures good contact between the topsoil and the root system.



6

Create a tree well or indentation which will hold water, around the base of the plant. Water the plant thoroughly by filling this indentation with a solution of water and a root starter such as Schultz 10-60-10. Water the plant deeply whenever the soil surface dries out, generally biweekly, during the first growing season to ensure the plant's survival.

 

Use a water-soluble high phosphorus fertilizer (10-60-10, 10-52-10, 5-15-5) for rooting or Myke.

Bare tree and shrub root stock:

Set the plants in the holes so that the ground level is even with or slightly higher than the top of the root system.

The most commonly available bare root shrub is Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster lucida), which is use as a hedging material. Caragana and Lilac are also available. Until planted keep the root system of bare root plants moist. Protect bare root plants from drying out in the sun and wind by storing them in a shaded location with the roots wrapped in plastic or submerged in a bucket of water. Dig holes or a trench large enough to accommodate the plant's entire root system without crowding. Set the plants in the holes so that the ground level is even with or slightly higher than the top of the root system. Pull the topsoil in around the plant's root system to fill the hole. Tamp the topsoil in firmly around the base of the plant with the sole of your shoe. This eliminates air pockets and ensures good contact between the topsoil and the root system. Create a tree well or indentation, which will hold water around the base of the plant. Water the plant thoroughly by filling this indentation with a solution of water and a plant starter such as a 10-52-10. Water the plant whenever the soil surface dries out, usually bi-weekly during the first growing season to ensure the plant's survival.

 

Use a water-soluble high phosphorus fertilizer (10-60-10, 10-52-10, 5-15-5) for rooting or Myke.

How to plant balled and burlapped trees or shrubs:

Want to learn how to plant balled or burlapped trees or shrubs? It is not difficult and if done correctly, your greengate trees will grow healthy, stronger & FASTER!

Here are our tips. Learn even more when you come in to greengate and talk to one of our tree experts.


Place the plant in the hole and check to ensure that ground level is even with the top of the root ball.


1

Dig a hole 15 cm. deeper and 30 cm. wider in diameter than the root ball.


2

Place the plant in the hole and check to ensure that ground level is even with the top of the root ball.


3

Cut and loosen the burlap wrap on the root ball, removing the burlap from the top of the root ball and leave it around the sides to hold the soil around the roots.


4

As you pull the topsoil in around the root ball to fill in the hole, tamp the topsoil down firmly with your shoe. This eliminates air pockets and ensures good contact between the topsoil and the root system.


5

Create a tree well which will hold water, around the base of the plant. Water the plant thoroughly by filling the depression with a solution of water and a plant starter such as Plant Prod 10-60-10.


6

Water the plant deeply whenever the soil surface dries out, generally biweekly during the first growing season to ensure the plant's survival.


Note: Use a water-soluble high phosphorus fertilizer (10-60-10, 10-52-10, 5-15-5) for rooting or Myke.