PERENNIAL PLANTS AT GREENGATE

 

Perennial plants

 

Perennial plants give you a large selection of colour options and you can look forward to their return every year

 

Perennials

Perennials have many uses in the garden, and since most of our perennials are offspring of our native wildflowers they are quite hardy here. There are perennials for almost every garden situation. Introduce some hardy beauty to your yard or beds.


Perennials are non-woody plants that live longer than two years. They generally bloom once a year, for anywhere from a day to more than a month. Most perennials die back to their roots in the fall, although some varieties will remain green through out the winter. Some perennials, like hollyhock and delphinium have a short lifespan, and may live for only four or five years. Other perennial plants such as Aster and Peony can last for decades with little attention. Perennial plants give you a large selection of colour options and you can look forward to their return every year. They are also considerably easier to move than most shrubs. Do not expect your perennial plants to flower the first year that they are planted. It will usually take the plant a full season to become well established and it will flower the second year.

With the crazy weather patterns we have experienced over the last couple of years, plants that can withstand our ever-changing climate are very attractive. Perennials such as Hostas and Bleeding Hearts (Dicentra) are excellent in the shade while salvias and sedums enjoy the sun. We'll have new varieties available to expand your collection as well. Come into the perennial area and you'll find a unique display of shade tolerant plants to give you some great options when it comes to growing something special in your shady areas. We'll have other distinct displays in the perennial area where you can see what's in bloom, sun plants and low growers as well.

Try planting smaller varieties in clusters, but larger perennials should be planted on their own. Once perennials are established, they need very little maintenance. Remove debris from the area in the spring, water when needed, and fertilize in spring and early summer. In the fall, tall plants can be cut down to 18-24 Inches (45-60 cm.), or left throughout the winter. They will trap dry leaves and snow, which helps to insulate the roots over the winter.

greengate Garden Centres is pleased to offer Heritage Perennials grown in distinct blue pots by Valleybrook Gardens, a Canadian family-owned nursery. One of North America's largest wholesale producers of herbaceous perennials, growing millions of plants each season at two facilities: Abbotsford, British Columbia and Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario.

Perennials are a hardy and attractive addition to any yard. They require little work, and come back every year bigger and better. Consult your knowledgeable greengate Garden Centres staff for recommendations and helpful advice.

Perennials are non-woody plants that live longer than two years. They generally bloom once a year, for anywhere from a day to more than a month. Most perennials die back to their roots in the fall, although some varieties will remain green throughout the winter.

Some perennials, like bellis and delphinium, have a short lifespan, and may live for only four or five years. Other perennial plants, such as aster and peony, can last for decades with little attention. Perennial plants give you a large selection of colour options and you can look forward to their return every year. They are also considerably easier to move than most shrubs.

Do not expect your perennial plants to flower the first year that they are planted. It will usually take the plant a full season to become well established and it will flower the second year.

Perennial vines will come back again season after season, unlike tender annual vines. These hardy vines flower on old or new wood, and provide excellent privacy or decoration when grown up a trellis or a wall.



Clematis

These hardy perennial vines are known for their profusion of colourful flowers. Due to the differences in pruning requirements for various clematis they are classified into three major pruning groups for maintenance.

Group A or 1 – These clematis flower only on the previous year's growth. When blooming is finished, in June, prune off dead or weak stems.

Group B or 2 – These clematis bloom on previous year's growth, often in early summer and again in late summer. Unfortunately, they are not hardy enough here for the summer's growth to survive the winter - they die back to almost ground level, so they rarely bloom here. They are a challenge.

Group C or 3 – These clematis flower only on the current years growth. They are the most commonly grown, as they flower most of the summer, with little care.

Clematis need varying amounts of sun for healthy growth. Some need full sun, while others can tolerate almost total shade. Read labels or ask questions before making a choice.

Note: Clematis should be planted approximately six inches deeper than they are in the pot.



Dividing perennials

If the flower quality and quantity drops in your mature perennials this may be a sign of overcrowding, and they may need dividing. Some simply outgrow the place they are in; other plants, as they grow, can create too much shade for sun loving perennials. Many perennials form clumps of stems. These stems are actually individual plants with their own root systems. Some perennials cannot be divided, if they grow from one central stalk. Early blooming perennials should be divided in early fall. When all the leaves have fallen, gently dig up the plant and separate the roots of the individual clumps to be removed. Replant the removed plants in an appropriate place in the garden. Later flowering perennials should be divided in the same way in the spring, as soon as they are showing growth.



Perennial maintenance

Routine feeding and watering will generally be enough to satisfy the nutritional needs of perennial plants through their growing season. Remove spent flowers on perennial plants or deadhead to encourage flower production. Prune back and mulch for extra protection in the fall. Remove this mulch in the spring. If you do not wish to mulch, leave foliage on plants, as leaves will collect snow for insulation and moisture during the winter. Prune away the dead foliage in the spring.



Perennials Growing Guide

Image Plant Name Botanical Name Height / Spread Flower Colour Sun / Shade Zone Blooms Description
AJUGA - BUGLEWEED AJUGA-BUGLEWEED Ajuga reptans 8/18 in. 15/45 cm bluish purple sun to shade 3 May to June Low ground cover with bronze coloured, round leaves, moist soil
AJUGA - GENEVA BUGLEWEED AJUGA - GENEVA BUGLEWEED Ajuga genevensis 12/18 in. 20/45 cm bluish purple sun to shade 2 May to June Widely used ground cover, forming a mat of rounded leaves, moist soil
ALYSSUM - BASKET OF GOLD ALYSSUM-BASKET OF GOLD Alyssum montanum 8/24 in. 20/60 cm yellow sun or part shade 3 May to June Varying shades of cascading yellow flowers, with silver leaves
ARMERIA - LARGE THRIFT ARMERIA - LARGE THRIFT Armeria pseudarmeria 24/12 in. 60/30 cm pink, red, white sun 2 June to Aug. Tall border strain with various flower shades; good for cut or dried flowers
ARMERIA - THRIFT ARMERIA - THRIFT Armeria juniperifolia 6/12 in. 15/30 cm pink, red sun 3 May to July Evergreen with grassy leaves, flowers fade into papery everlastings
ASTER - ALPINE ASTER - ALPINE Aster alpinus 12/12 in. 30/30 cm pink, purple sun 2 May to June Short plants displaying star-shaped, daisy-like flowers
ASTER - FALL ASTER - FALL Aster novae-angliae 48/36 in. 120/90 cm pink, purple, red sun 3 Aug. to Sept. Tall varieties that are good for cut flowers
ASTILBE - FALSE SPIREA ASTILBE - FALSE SPIREA Astilbe species 10-36/30 in. 25-90/75 cm various part shade 3 June to Aug. Many varieties with varying foliage and flower colour, moist
AUBRETIA/ROCKCRESS AUBRETIA/ROCKCRESS Aubretia hybrids 6/24 in. 15/60 cm pink, purple, red sun 4 May to June Cascading grey-green foliage; good for rock gardens and embankments
BABY'S BREATH - CREEPING BABY'S BREATH - CREEPING Gypsophila repens 6/24 in. 15/60 pink, white sun to shade 2 June to July Small delicate flowers in a low mat; good for edging or rock gardens
BACHELOR'S BUTTON BACHELOR'S BUTTON Centaurea montana 24/24 in. 60/60 cm blue sun 2 June to Aug. Classic shaped blue flowers with grey-blue foliage
BALLOON FLOWER BALLOON FLOWER Platycodon grandiflorus 30/24 in. 75/60 cm purple, white sun to shade 3 June to Aug. Buds and flowers have an inflated balloon-like appearance
BARRENWORT BARRENWORT Epimedium hybrids 12/12 in. 30/30 cm pink, yellow shade 4 May to June Semi-evergreen foliage, bronze to green in colour
BELLFLOWER BELLFLOWER Campanula species 4-36/12 in. 10-90/30 cm various sun or shade 2 May to July Cup-shaped flowers on compact clumps; many varieties
BERGENIA - HEARTLEAF BERGENIA - HEARTLEAF Bergenia cordifolia 18/24 in. 45/60 cm pink, white sun or shade 2 June to July Clusters of flowers in the spring, large glossy leaves turn bronze in fall
BLEEDING HEART - FERNLEAF BLEEDING HEART - FERNLEAF Dicentra eximia 12-18/12 in. 30-45/30 cm pink, white part shade 3 June to Sept. Compact mounds with fern-like foliage, heart-shaped, tidy flowers
BLEEDING HEART BLEEDING HEART Dicentra spectabilis 36/24 in. 90/60 cm pink, white part shade 2 May to June Drooping heart-shaped flowers, old-fashioned favourite
BUGBANE BUGBANE Actaeas simplex 'White Pearl' 4/2 ft. 120/60 cm white part shade 3 September Large flowers on long stems; good cut flower, moist
BUGBANE BUGBANE Actaeas racemosa 'Atropurpurea' 6 ft/1.8.m /2'/60 cm white     August Dark purple foliage, tall flower spikes, lacy leaves, red berries
BUNCHBERRY BUNCHBERRY Cornus canadensi 4-6/ in. 10-15/ cm white part shade 2 May to June Native ground cover with glossy leaves
CAMPION ROSE CAMPION ROSE Lychnis species 4-30/12 in. 6-12/15-30 cm pink sun 3 June to Aug. Low rock garden or taller border types, add bright summer color
CANDY TUFT CANDY TUFT Iberis sempervirens 10/36 in. 25/90 cm white sun to shade 3 May to June Evergreen with delicate flowers; good ground cover
CLIFF GREEN CLIFF GREEN Paxistima canbyi 12/18 in. 30/45 cm   part shade 2   Shade tolerant, low evergreen, small, dark green leaves, good ground cover, moist
COLUMBINE - HYBRIDS COLUMBINE-HYBRIDS Aquilegia x hybrida 6/24 in. 90/60 cm various sun to part shade 2 May to June Many flowers on long stems, available in several varieties and colours
CONEFLOWER CONEFLOWER Echinacea purpurea 48/24 in. 120/60 cm purple, white sun 3 July to Sept Long-lasting, daisy-like, drooping flowers with a central cone
CORAL BELLS CORAL BELLS Heuchera hybrids 24/12 in. 60/30 cm Small, white, pink or red sun or part shade 3 May to July Dainty flowers on tall stems, colourful leaves, moist/well-drained
CORNFLOWER - PERSIAN CORNFLOWER - PERSIAN Centaurea dealbata 30/24 in. 75/60 cm pink-purple sun 3 June to Aug. Shrub-like perennial with thistle-like flowers; good cut flower
CREEPING CHARLIE CREEPING CHARLIE Glechoma hederacea 4/36 in. 10/90 cm n/a sun or shade 1 n/a Fast growing, invasive ground cover grown for its foliage; also available with variegated leaves
CREEPING JENNY CREEPING JENNY Lysimachia nummularia 4/18 in. 10/45 cm gold, yellow sun to shade 2 May to Aug. Long stems form fast growing ground cover or hanging plant
CUPID'S DART CUPID'S DART Catananche caerulea 24/12 in. 60/30 cm lavender sun 3 July to Aug. Drought resistant plant with gray-green foliage, papery flower, good cut or dried
CUSHION SPURGE CUSHION SPURGE Euphorbia polychroma 18/18 in. 45/45 cm yellow sun 3 May to June Foliage forms a dome covered in yellow flowers; drought tolerant
DAYLILY DAYLILY Hemerocallis x hybrida 16-36/12-24 in. 40-90/30-60 cm various sun to shade 2 July to Aug. Plants form sturdy clumps of grassy foliage; many flower colours and varieties available
DELPHINIUM DELPHINIUM Delphinium species 1-6/1 ft-30-180/60 cm various sun 3 June to Aug. Colourful double flowered spikes in many colours and varieties; good cut flower
DIANTHUS DIANTHUS Dianthus species 2-18/6 in. 5-45/15 cm various sun 3 May to Aug. Grass-like clumps of foliage in many varieties; scented flowers good for cutting, some good for rockeries
EDELWEISS EDELWEISS Leontopodium alpinum 6/10 in. 15/25 cm white sun 3 June to July Alpine growth habit, with gray foliage, attractive in rock gardens; good cut flower
ENGLISH DAISY ENGLISH DAISY Bellis perennis 4-8/8 in. 10/20 cm pink, red sun 3 May to June Old favorite used for border edging; biennial plant will flower second year, moist
ERINUS ERINUS Erinus alpinus 4/6 in. 10/15 cm mauve part shade 3 May to July Alpine evergreen plant; good for rock garden
EVENING PRIMROSE EVENING PRIMROSE Oenothera pallida 12/12 in. 30/30 cm white sun 4 June to Aug. Large flowers open in the evening; drought tolerant
FALSE LAMIUM FALSE LAMIUM Lamiastrum galeobdolon 12/12 in. 30/30 cm yellow shade 2 May to June Attractive variegated silver foliage; vigorous grower as a ground cover
FERN - FIDDLEHEAD/OSTRICH FERN - FIDDLEHEAD/OSTRICH Matteuccia struthiopteris 4/2 ft. 120/60 cm green foliage shade 1 n/a Native plant with edible heads; good filler for shady areas, moist
FEVERFEW FEVERFEW Chrysanthemum (Tanacetum) parthenium 24/12 in. 60/30 cm white, yellow sun to shade 3 June to Sept. Daisy-like flowers with aromatic foliage; good cut flower, invasive
FLAX FLAX Linum perenne 18/12 in. 45/30 cm blue, white sun or shade 4 May to Aug. Continual blooms throughout season
FLEABANE FLEABANE Erigeron hybrids 6-30/24 in 15-75/60 cm pink, blue sun 1 May to Aug. Sprays of small, daisy-like flowers, good cut flower
FLEECEFLOWER FLEECEFLOWER Persizaria hybrids 6-30/24 in. 15-75/60 cm red sun or shade 3 June to Aug. Several varieties with short spikes of flowers; low mat of leathery leaves turn red in fall
FOAMFLOWER FOAMFLOWER Tiarella cordifolia 12/12 in. 30/30 cm pink shade 4 May to July Evergreen with bronze winter colour; summer sprays of flowers, moist
FORGET-ME-NOT FORGET-ME-NOT Myosotis scorpioides 8/8 in. 20/20 cm sky blue sun or shade 3 May to June Spring flowering, low growing stems; available in perennial and biennial varieties, moist
FOXGLOVE FOXGLOVE Digitalis hybrids 24-36/18 in. 60-80/45 cm various sun or shade 4 May to July Large flower spikes; good for cut flowers; many varieties, biennial, moist/drained
GAILLARDIA - BLANKET FLOWER GAILLARDIA - BLANKET FLOWER Gaillardia x grandiflora 36/12 in. 90/30 cm red/gold, yellow, burgundy sun 2 June to Sept. Several colors of daisy-like flowers; long-blooming in hot areas
GAS PLANT GAS PLANT Dictamnus albus 'Purpureus' 36/24 in. 90/60 cm lavender, white sun 2 June to July Flower spikes rise above large clumps of compact foliage
GENTIAN GENTIAN Gentiana species 4-8/12-24 in. 10-20/30-60 cm blue part shade 2 May to Sept. Several species of plants forming clumps or mats; true blue flowers in spring or summer, moist
GERANIUM - CRANESBILL GERANIUM - CRANESBILL Geranium hybrids 4-24/6-24 in. 10-60/30-60 cm various sun to shade 3 June to Aug. Mounding or low spreading ground cover with profuse flowers and fine leaves; many varieties
GEUM - AVENS GEUM - AVENS Geum hybrids 12/12 in. 30/30 cm orange sun to shade 3 May to June Compact plant with bright orange blooms; good for cut flowers
GLOBE FLOWER GLOBE FLOWER Trollius x cultorum hybrids 24-36/24 in. 60-90/60 cm orange, yellow part shade 2 May to June Large buttercup-like flowers on long stems; good cut flower, moist
GLOBE THISTLE GLOBE THISTLE Echinops ritro 36-48/24 in. 80-120/60 cm metallic blue sun 2 June to Sept. Tall thistle-like plant with large globe shaped blooms; good for cut flowers
GOATSBEARD - GIANT GOATSBEARD - GIANT Aruncus dioicus 'Kneiffii' 36/48 in. 90/120 cm cream part shade 2 June to July Large plants with wispy foliage and plumed flowers, moist
GOATSBEARD - DWARF KOREAN GOATSBEARD - DWARF KOREAN Aruncus aethusifolius 12/12 in. 30/30 cm white part shade 2 June to July Compact plant with lacy leaves and plumed flowers, moist
GOLDEN ROD GOLDEN ROD Solidago species 36/12 in. 90/30 cm gold-yellow sun to shade 2 June to July Native wildflower cultivar; golden-yellow plumed flowers
HELIOPSIS - FALSE SUNFLOWER HELIOPSIS - FALSE SUNFLOWER Heliopsis helianthoides 48/24 in. 120/60 cm yellow, green or variegated sun 2 July to Sept. Long blooming daisy-like flowers; good cut flower
HELENIUM - SNEEZEWEED HELENIUM - SNEEZEWEED Helenium autumnale 48/24 in. 120/60 cm red, yellow sun 3 July to Aug. Bright daisy-like flowers; good for cutting
HENS AND CHICKS HENS AND CHICKS Sempervivum x hybrids 6/12 in. 15/30 cm pink, red sun or part shade 2 June to Aug. Succulent gray, blue, green, or purple evergreen leaves; stalks often have star shaped flowers
HOLLYHOCK HOLLYHOCK Alcea rosea 5-7/1 ft. 1.2-2/.25 m various sun 2 July to Aug. Available in double and single varieties; biennial, blooms second season
HOSTA HOSTA Hosta hybrids 8-24/12-24 in. 20-60/30-60 cm mauve, white semi-sun to shade 3 June to Aug. Many varieties, lily-like flowers, varying foliage, very attractive in shady areas, moist/well drained
IRIS IRIS Iris species 8-48/12-24 in. 20-120/30-60 cm various sun 2 May to June Many varieties, compact clumps of stems with narrow leaves; good cut flower, moist/well drained
JACOB'S LADDER JACOB'S LADDER Polemonium caeruleum 18-36/12 in. 45-90/30 cm blue/white sun to shade 2 May to July Leaves form ladder-like pattern, green or variegated, delicate bell flowers
JAPANESE SPURGE JAPANESE SPURGE Pachysandra terminalis 8/12 in. 20/30 cm white shade 3 May Evergreen foliage with small white flowers; tolerates shade; protect roots over winter, moist
JOE PYE WEED JOE PYE WEED Eupatorium purpureum 7/3 ft. 2/1 m purple sun to shade 4 Aug. to Sept. Large late blooming plant; attracts butterflies, moist
KINNIKINNICK - BEARBERRY KINNIKINNICK - BEARBERRY Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 6/6 in. 15/15 cm pink sun to shade 2 May to June Native evergreen ground cover; acid loving plant
LADY'S MANTLE LADY'S MANTLE Alchemilla mollis 12/24 in. 30/60 cm green, yellow sun or shade 2 June to July Silver-green scalloped leaves form compact plant, with sprays of flowers; good cut flower
LAMB'S EAR LAMB'S EAR Stachys byzantina 12-18/12 in. 30-45/30 cm pink sun to shade 3 June Spreading mat of silver leaves; drought tolerant; good ground cover
LAMIUM - DEAD NETTLE LAMIUM - DEAD NETTLE Lamium maculatum 6-1212/12 in. 15-30/30 cm pink, white part shade 2 May to Sept. Leaves variegated with silver and white; good ground cover
LAVENDER LAVENDER Lavandula angustifolia 'Munstead' 16/24 in. 40/60 cm pink, purple sun 4 June to Aug. Flower spikes and foliage are fragrant; good cut flower
LEOPARD'S BANE LEOPARD'S BANE Doronicum cordatum 16/12 in. 40/30 cm yellow sun or shade 2 May to June Daisy-like flowers and heart shaped leaves; good cut flower, moist
LEWISIA LEWISIA Lewisia cotyledon 6-8/6 in. 15-20/15 cm pink sun or shade 4 May to July Succulent evergreen foliage; alpine plant requiring good drainage
LIATRUS - BLAZING STAR LIATRUS - BLAZING STAR Liatrus spicata 18-36/18 in. 45-90/45 cm purple, white sun 2 July to Sept. Tall, long lasting flower spikes, grassy leaves; good cut flower
LIGULARIA LIGULARIA Ligularia dentata 'Desdemona' 3/4 ft./90/120 cm .2/- 2/3 ft.60/90 cm orange part shade 4 June to July Large round, purple foliage with tall daisy-like flowers flower spikes, moist
LIGULARIA LIGULARIA Ligularia stenocephala 'The Rocket' 4/6 ft 120-180 cm 2/3 ft 60-90 cm yellow part shade 4 June to Aug. Large, maple-shaped green leaves with purple-black stems, moist
LILY LILY Lilium x hybrida 2-5/1 ft. 60-150/30 cm various part shade 2 June to July Many varieties of bell/star-shaped flowers, some fragrant; good cut flowers
LOBELIA LOBELIA Lobelia x hybrida 36/12 in. 90/30 cm red, blue sun to shade 4 Aug. to Sept. Sturdy spikes of red or green foliage with tender roots needing winter protection, moist
LOOSESTRIFE - GOOSENECK LOOSESTRIFE - GOOSENECK Lysimachia clethroides 36/36 in. 90/90 cm white sun or shade 2 July to Aug. Named for bent flower spikes; also known for colourful fall foliage, moist
LOOSESTRIFE - YELLOW LOOSESTRIFE - YELLOW Lysimachia punctata 36/24 in. 90/60 cm yellow sun to shade 2 June to Aug. Bushy mounds with star shaped flowers formed in leafy spikes
LUNGWORT LUNGWORT Pulmonaria hybrids 10 /12 in. 25 /30 cm various part shade 3 April to May Low, silver spotted foliage with clusters of bi-coloured flowers; grown mostly for foliage, many varieties
LUPINE LUPINE Lupinus hybrids 36/24 in. 90/60 cm various sun or part shade 3 June to Aug. Many varieties of tall spikes of flowers; good for cutting
MALLOW - MUSK MALLOW - MUSK Malva moschata 36/18 in. 90/45 cm pink sun 3 July to Sept. Satiny pink flowers with musky scented leaves
MALLOW - PRAIRIE/CHECKER MALLOW - PRAIRIE/CHECKER Sidalcea x hybrids 36/18 in. 90/45 cm pink sun or shade 4 June to Aug. Long spikes of satiny flowers; good flower for cutting
MALTESE CROSS MALTESE CROSS Lychnis chalcedonica 48/12 in. 120/30 cm red sun 2 June to Aug. Tall, hardy, long living plant with clusters of red flowers; good for cutting
MARGUERITE MARGUERITE Anthemis sancti-johannis 18/36 in. 45/90 cm orange, yellow sun 2 June to Aug. Hardy, drought tolerant members of the daisy family; good cut flower
MARSH MARIGOLD MARSH MARIGOLD Caltha palustris 12/12 in. 30/30 cm yellow sun to shade 2 May Buttercup shaped flowers, with heart-shaped leaves, moist
MASTERWORT MASTERWORT Astrantia hybrids 12-24 /18 in. 30-60/45 cm pink, red, white part shade 4 June to Aug. Star shaped flowers on long stems; good cut flower, moist
MEADOW RUE MEADOW RUE Thalictrum aquilegifolium 36/24 in. 90/60 cm mauve sun or shade 3 May to June Leaves closely resemble columbine, with sprays of flowers; good cut flower, moist
MEADOW RUE-HEWITT'S DOUBLE MEADOW RUE-HEWITT'S DOUBLE Thalictrum delavayi 60/24 in. 150/60 cm mauve sun or shade 4 June to Aug. Tall plant with lacy foliage and sprays of double flowers; good cut flower, moist
MEADOWSWEET MEADOWSWEET Filipendula hybrids 1-6/4 ft. 30-120cm/120 cm white, pink part shade 3 Aug. to Sept. Attractive perennial, with ferny leaves and clusters of fluffy flowers, for shady, moist areas, moist
MONARDA - BEE BALM MONARDA/BEE BALM Monarda didyma hybrids 36/18 in. 90/45 cm pink, red, purple, white sun 3 June to July Tall plants with aromatic foliage and thistle-like flowers, moist
MONKSHOOD MONKSHOOD Aconitum napellus 54/24 in. 135/60 cm blue, pink sun or shade 2 July to Aug. Tall perennial with showy flower spikes; good cut flower, moist
MONKSHOOD MONKSHOOD Aconitum x cammarum 'Bicolor' 48/24 in. 120/60 cm purple/white sun or shade 3 July to Aug. Tall, flower spikes; good cut flower, moist
MOSS - IRISH/SCOTCH MOSS - IRISH/SCOTCH Sagina subulata 1/12 in. 2/30 cm white sun 4 May to June XXX
MUM - GARDEN MUM - GARDEN Chrysanthemum morifolium x 'Morden' 12/8 in. 30/20 cm bronze, yellow, pink, white sun or shade 3 Aug. to Sept. Hardier, fall flowering mum; good for cutting
OBEDIENT PLANT OBEDIENT PLANT Physostegia virginiana 3-4-48/24 in. 40-/60 cm pink, white sun to shade 2 July to Sept. Large clumps form tubular flower spikes that hold shape when bent; good for cutting, invasive, moist
PAINTED DAISY/PYRETHRUM PAINTED DAISY/PYRETHRUM Chrysanthemum coccineum 30/18 in. 75/45 cm pink, rose sun 2 June to July Large daisy-like flowers on tall stems, fern-like foliage; good cut flower
PASQUE FLOWER PASQUE FLOWER Pulsatilla vulgaris 12/12 in. 30/30 cm purple, red, white sun to shade 2 April to May Early bloomer with a flower much like a prairie crocus
PEARLY EVERLASTING PEARLY EVERLASTING Anaphalis margaritacea 12-36/12 in. 30-90/30 cm white sun 2 July to Sept. Drought tolerant wildflower with grey leaves and button flowers; good for cutting fresh or drying
BEARD - TONGUE BEARD - TONGUE Penstemon hybrids 36/24 in. 90/60 cm various sun 4 May to Aug. Many varieties with tubular flower spikes; good cut flower
PEONY - DOUBLE PEONY - DOUBLE Paeonia lactiflora hybrids 36/36 in. 90/90 cm pink, red, white sun 2 June Large flower on delicate stem; may require support
PEONY - FERNLEAF PEONY - FERNLEAF Paeonia tenuifolia 12-18/12-18 in. 23-45/30-45 cm red sun 2 June Single or double flowers, with fine wispy foliage
PEONY - TREE PEONY - TREE Paeonia suffruiticosa 60/36 in 150-90 cm mostly red sun 4 June Woody shrub with double or single flowers, requires winter protection similar to that of a tea rose
PHLOX PHLOX Phlox hybrids 4-48/12-30 in. 10-120/30-75 cm various sun to shade 3 June to Sept. Low growing and tall foliage, prolific, fragrant flowers; good for cutting, moist/well drained
PINCUSHION FLOWER PINCUSHION FLOWER Scabiosa columbaria 12-18/18 in. 75/45 cm lavender blue sun 2 June to Aug. Long-blooming, flat, flowers, with dark green foliage, alpine
POPPY POPPY Papaver hybrids 8-40 /4-24 in. 20-100/8-60 cm various sun to shade 3 May to Aug. Large variety of types, sizes and colours; many uses
POTENTILLA POTENTILLA Potentilla hybrids 4-12/12 in. 10-30/30 cm various sun 3 May to Sept. Long blooming rose-shaped flowers, good in rockeries
PRIMULA PRIMULA Primula species 6-24/8-12 in. 15-60/20-30 cm various part shade 3 April to May Many varieties, colours and shapes of flowers for spring color in shady areas, moist
PUSSY TOES PUSSY TOES Antennaria dioica 6/12 in. 15/30 cm pink sun 1 May to June Forms dense, drought tolerant carpet of silvery foliage
RHUBARB RHUBARB Rheum rhaponticum 3/3 ft. 1/1 m white sun 2 May to Sept. Hardy perennial vegetable with large leaves; edible stalks used as a fruit
ROCKCRESS ROCKCRESS Aubrieta hybrids 6/24 in. 15/60 cm pink, purple, red 4 May to June Cascading grey-green foliage; good for sunny rock gardens and embankments
ROCK ROSE ROCK ROSE Helianthemum nummularium 4-12/10-24 in. 30/60 cm various sun 4 June to Sept. Small rose-like flowers, available in both single and double varieties
RODGERSIA RODGERSIA Rodgersia pinnata 4/3 ft. 120/90 cm pink, white part shade 4 July Large bronzy-purple leaves with wispy flower plumes, grown mostly for foliage, moist
RUDBECKIA RUDBECKIA Rudbeckia x hybrids 3-6/1.5-3 ft. 90-200/45-90 cm orange, yellow sun 2 July to Sept. Many varieties of large, daisy-like plants with brown or black centers; good cut flower
RUSSIAN SAGE RUSSIAN SAGE Perovskia atriplicifolia 4/2 ft. 120/60 cm blue sun 4 July to Sept. Tall spikes of blue flowers with grey-green foliage; adds fall color and texture to a garden, drought tolerant
SALVIA SALVIA Salvia nemorosa hybrids 24/24 in. 60/60 cm indigo, violet sun 3 May to July Many varieties with colorful spikes of flowers and scented gray/green foliage
SAXIFRAGE SAXIFRAGE Saxifraga hybrids 6-24/8-12 in. 15-60/20-30 cm various sun 3 May to June Several varieties of low growing alpine plants with starry flowers; good for rock gardens
SEA HOLLY SEA HOLLY Eryngium hybrids 24/12 in. 60/30 cm blue sun 2 June to Aug. Prickly, metallic blue flowers; good for cutting; drought tolerant
STONECROP - SEDUM STONECROP - SEDUM Sedum hybrids 6-24/18-24 in. 15-60/45-60 cm various sun 3 Aug. to Sept. Many varieties of spreading, flowering succulents; some for ground cover, others taller; drought tolerant
SHASTA DAISY SHASTA DAISY Leucanthemum maximum 24/18 in. 60/45 cm white sun to shade 4 June to Sept. White daisies with yellow eyes; good cut flowers, vigorous grower
SHOOTING STAR SHOOTING STAR Dodecatheon meadia 12/6 in. 30/15 cm pink part shade 2 May to June Delicate, cyclamen-shaped flowers from flat rosettes of leaves
SILENE-MOSS CAMPION SILENE - MOSS CAMPION Silene acaulis 1/12 in. 2.5/30 cm pink sun 2 June-Aug. Very low ground cover for well drained soil, tiny flowers
SILVER BROCADE SILVER BROCADE Artemisia stelleriana 12/30 in. 30/75 cm silver foliage sun 2 n/a Low growing silver leaves, excellent for edging or as ground cover
SILVER KING SILVER KING Artemisia ludoviciana 36/30 in. 90/75 cm silver foliage sun 2 n/a Aromatic silver foliage, drought tolerant
SILVER MOUND SILVER MOUND Artemisia schmidtiana 12/18 in. 30/45 cm silver foliage sun 1 n/a Fine silver feathery foliage forms a compact mound
SNOWDROP SNOWDROP Anemone sylvestris 18/24 in. 45/60 cm white sun or shade 2 May to June Spreading ground cover with large flowers
SNOW IN SUMMER SNOW IN SUMMER Cerastium tomentosum 12/24 in. 30/60 cm white sun 2 May to June Delicate flowers with gray foliage; spreading growth habit; good ground cover
SNOW ON THE MOUNTAIN SNOW ON THE MOUNTAIN Aegopodium podagraria 'Variegatum' 12/24 in 30/60 cm green/white shade 1 July to Aug. Vigourous grower with variegated foliage and spreading growth habit; good ground cover, invasive
SOAPWORT SOAPWORT Saponaria ocymoides 8/18 in. 20/45 cm pink sun 2 May to June Vigorous trailing plant; good for cascade in rock gardens
SOLOMON'S SEAL SOLOMON'S SEAL Polygonatum odoratum 24/12 in. 60/30 cm white shade 3 May to June Delicate bell flowers on slender stems, moist
SPEEDWELL SPEEDWELL Veronica hybrids 10-24/12-18 in. 2-60/30-45 cm various sun or shade 2 June to Aug. Many varieties of tall or low growing plants with spiked flowers; some good for ground cover
SPIDERWORT SPIDERWORT Tradescantia andersoniana 24/24 in. 60/60 cm various sun or shade 3 June to Aug. Triangular flowers on grassy foliage, moist
x CUSHION SPURGE Euphorbia polychroma 18/18 in. 45/45 cm yellow sun 3 May to June Foliage forms a dome covered in yellow flowers; drought tolerant
STATICE - GERMAN STATICE - GERMAN Goniolimon tataricum 16/12 in. 40/30 cm white sun 3 July to Aug. Prickly white, globe-shaped flowers, good for cutting or drying, drought tolerant
STATICE - SEA LAVENDER STATICE - SEA LAVENDER Limonium latifolium 30/24 in. 75/60 cm lavender sun 2 June to Aug. Dainty blue flowers, good for cutting or drying, drought tolerant
STRAWBERRY STRAWBERRY Fragaria bybrids 10/12 in. 25/30 cm white, pink sun or shade 2 May to Aug. White or pink flowering plants, trailing growth habit; good ground cover or hanging basket, edible fruit
SUNFLOWER - FALSE SUNFLOWER - FALSE Heliopsis helianthoides 4/2 ft. 120/60 cm yellow sun 4 Aug. to Sept. Tall plant with large daisy-like flowers, moist
SWEET PEA - PERENNIAL SWEET PEA - PERENNIAL Lathyrus latifolius 8/1 ft. 240/30 cm various sun 3 June to Sept. Vigorously flowering, climbing vine; good for cutting
SWEET ROCKET SWEET ROCKET Hesperis matronalis 36/12 in. 90/30 cm purple, white sun or shade 2 June to July Fragrant flowers on long stems
SWEET WILLIAM SWEET WILLIAM Dianthus barbatus 24/12 in. 60/30 cm pink, red, white sun 2 June to Aug. Biennial plant with fragrant flowers; good for cutting
SWEET WOODRUFF SWEET WOODRUFF Galium odoratum 4-8/24 in. 10-20/60 cm white part shade 3 May to July Speading plant with clusters of fragrant, starry white flowers; good ground cover, moist
THYME THYME Thymus hybrids 1-6/12 in. 2-15/30 cm various sun 3 June to July Varieties of low growing plants with various colours of scented foliage, pink or white flowers; good ground cover
TICKSEED TICKSEED Coreopsis verticillata 12-30/12 in. 30-75/30 cm gold, yellow sun 4 June to Sept. Bright daisy-like flowers in many varieties; good cut flower
VINCA - PERIWINKLE VINCA - PERIWINKLE Vinca minor 6/18 in. 15/45 cm blue, violet, white part shade 4 May to Sept. Low growing evergreen plant, glossy green or variegated leaves; needs winter protection; good ground cover
VIOLA VIOLA Viola hybrids 4-8/12 in. 10-20/30 cm various part sun or shade 4 May to Sept. Perennial pansies; varieties of sun & shade tolerant plants; needs winter protection
WALLCRESS WALLCRESS Arabis hybrids 8/24 in. 20/60 cm red, pink sun 3 May to June Cascading spring flowering plant; forms a dense ground-cover
WINTERGREEN WINTERGREEN Gaultheria procumbens 6/12 in. 15/30 cm pink part shade 4 July to Aug. Fragrant leaves with pink flowers, edible red berries; good ground cover, moist
YARROW YARROW Achillea hybrids 8-48/12-24 in. 20-120/30-60 cm various sun 2 June to Sept. Many varieties with ferny leaves and clusters of small delicate flowers; good for cutting or drying
YUCCA - SOAPWEED YUCCA - SOAPWEED Yucca glauca 24/18 in. 60/45 cm white sun 3 July Succulent plant with stiff, narrow, grassy leaves; drought tolerant


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